KADMOS https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos <p>Kadmos is a peer-reviewed multi-disciplinary academic journal, published by Ilia State University (Tbilisi), which aims to challenge, provoke and excite thinking in the areas of the classics, literature and orature, linguistics, philosophy, cultural anthropology (ethnography, ethnology and mythology) and history (archeology). The journal appears annually and is sponsored by the Ilia State University. The editors welcome original contributions in the form of articles, reviews, notes from scholars in the humanities that will promote and foster its aims. The Journal’s Polemics section is intended to enhance debate between authors and the wider community. Polemics pieces can be mainly considered as responses to a published article, a shorter research note or report, or a commentary on research issues or professional practices. The Journal also contains a Reviews section.</p><p>By signing a license agreement with EBCO Publishing Inc. on 28 June 2012, <em>Kadmos</em>, was included in the <a title="EBSCO" href="https://www.ebsco.com/" target="_blank">EBSCO</a> Publishing databases.</p><p>The journal seeks to achieve the following objectives:</p><ul><li>To promote inter-disciplinary research in all areas of the humanities.</li><li>To assist researchers at the pre-and post-doctorate levels, with a wealth of new and original material.</li><li>To make ideas, topics, and processes in the humanities accessible to the interested public.</li></ul><p>All research articles published in Research Section of the journal have undergone double-blind peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymized refereeing by at least two anonymous referees. Where a call for papers is issued for Special Issues, submissions passed for review by the Issue Editor are subject to the same double-blind review process as submissions to Research Section.</p><p>All papers are expected to be original contributions and not previously published nor currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The reviewing lasts at least 4 weeks and the final approval or rejection will be send to authors by the end of October.</p><p>Papers should be 10 to 21 type written pages in English or Georgian, including endnotes (see <a title="For Authors" href="/index.php/kadmos/information/authors" target="_self">For Authors</a>)</p><p>For more information please contact Scientific Secretary of the Journal, Elene Tatishvili at <span><a title="elene.tatishvili@iliauni.edu.ge" href="/index.php/kadmos/manager/setup/elene.tatishvili@iliauni.edu.ge">elene.tatishvili@iliauni.edu.ge</a></span>.</p><p><strong>Editor</strong>: Nino Doborjginidze</p><p><strong>Advisory Board</strong></p><p>Nino Abakelia (Georgia)</p><p>Shukia Apridonidze (Georgia)</p><p>Winfried Boeder (Germany)</p><p>Nino Chichinadze (Georgia)</p><p>Zurab Kiknadze (Georgia)</p><p>Jost Gippert (Germany)</p><p>Guram Kipiani (Georgia)</p><p>Luigi Magarotto (Italy)</p><p>Donald Rayfield (United Kingdom)</p> Ilia State University en-US KADMOS 1987-8788 Metaphorical Representations of the 2008 Russian-Georgian War: Critical Analysis of Conceptual Metaphors of War in Relation to Gender (A Case Study based on the newspaper -The Georgian Times) https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/278 <p>This paper focuses on conceptual metaphors of war, supposedly shaping peoples’ world-views in relation to gender. Any social event or phenomenon connected to human activity has a discursive representation in the media. War is not an exception. Discourse structures have an ideational function which represents human views of the world. Metaphor is a powerful linguistic tool to serve this function. The objective of the research is to reveal conceptual war metaphors based on the print media coverage of the 2008 Russian-Georgian war, which reflects male and female perceptions of the reality. The research blends Critical Discourse Analysis with Conceptual Metaphor Theory. The blending creates a relevant theoretical and methodological basis for making an attempt to uncover the conceptual metaphors, apparently underlying male/female cognition. The domain of war is the target domain in the present study; As for the source domain, it is not uniform, it may have a variety of revelations. BYU (Brigham Young University) Corpora data were used to enhance the results of the study.</p> Nino Guliashvili Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 7 87 Semantic Models of Urban Space in the Paintings of Jemal Kukhalashvili https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/279 <p>The years between 1980-1990 is a transitional period in the history of Georgia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the urban space significantly changed, affecting the social and cultural life of the city. The aim of the study is to observe the spatial semantic models of this period in their sociocultural context and analyze the changes in traditional urban spaces. The art of Jemal Kukhalashvili is relevant material for such a study due to its varied city image scenes and social sensibility. The models discussed - yard, café, celebration, and market - are common for the Tbilisi urban space. Each spatial model is analyzed according to its social role for urban development and its culturological importance is also given. We have studied the coherence of visual images with the semantics of the urban model in the paintings of Jemal Kukhalashvili. The semiotic method made it possible to obtain results on two different levels: a) a wide sociocultural level, b) the level of the artwork’s message and content. The study of traditional spatial semantic models and correlated visual images describes a picture of the level of urban space transformation, culturally valuable semantic models, and the impact of socio-political changes on them.</p> Ketevan Jishiashvili Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 88 104 Noblemen became enthroned https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/280 <p>This paper is an attempt to clarify the typological essence of the Georgian state at the turn of the 12<sup>th</sup> and 13<sup>th</sup> centuries. Ivane Javakhishvili believed that it was appropriate to describe the Georgian state of those times as a limited monarchy. Others (Professors S. Meskhia, I. Antelava, ...) did not share this opinion. They argued that autocracy was better matched to the kingdom of Queen Tamar's times. Primary sources and the analysis of scholars’ opinions have convinced us that Javakhishvili was right, although the system of power of any country cannot be fully placed within the frames of a specific stereotype of classification. The Georgian state of Queen Tamar's times can be classified as a <em>limited monarchy</em>, <em>oligarchy</em>, or <em>timocracy</em>, the choice depending on the emphasis placed. Despite the conflicts that took place in Georgian society at that time, Queen Tamar managed to direct all political forces into one millrace and achieve accord (unanimity) between elite groups. Her domestic policy can be assessed as an “act of sovereignty” of noblemen, members of landed gentry, clergymen, merchants, and craftsmen. “What, then, strictly speaking, is an act of Sovereignty? It is not a convention between a superior and an inferior, but a convention between the body and each of its members. It is legitimate, because [it is] based on the social contract, and equitable, because [it is] common to all; useful, because it can have no other object than the general good” (Rousseau 2017, 24).</p> Avtandil Jokhadze Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 105 155 Cosmography, Topography, Geography: From Antiquity to 6th Century Byzantium https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/281 <p>This paper is part of the cycle of lectures held in June 2018 at Ilia State<br />University (Tbilisi), in the framework of an Erasmus+ exchange between<br />Tbilisi and the Institut orientaliste of the Université catholique de Louvain<br />(UCLouvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium).1 The lectures aimed to retrace the main steps in the evolution of notions and “sciences” such as cosmography, topography, geography and the likes in the Greek world, from Antiquity up to the first centuries of the Byzantine Empire. The presentation certainly makes no claims to exhaustivity, but the author hopes to show that, despite radical changes provoked by the irruption of Christianity into Greco-Roman thought, it is possible to find, in 6th century Byzantium, an echo of old questions, long discussed in Hellenic thought. The result is necessarily partial and selective, but the evolutive path will clearly appear.</p> Véronique Somers Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 156 191 European Sources on Catholic Missions in Georgia https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/282 <p>The publication and study of Georgian and foreign sources of Catholic<br />missions in Georgia have a long history. In 2011-2012 the Ministry of Culture of Georgia organized a research expedition to study the documents preserved in Italy in the Archive of the Congregation of the Eastern Churches of Rome, Propaganda Fide Historical Archive and the archives of Theatines and Capuchins. The idea of the research project belonged to the then Minister, Mr. Nika Rurua. The Embassy of Georgia in Vatican City, and Ambassador Ketevan Bagrationi in particular, was actively involved in the implementation of the project. Professors and researchers from Ilia State University, Tbilisi Free University and Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University participated in the expedition.</p> Maia Damenia Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 192 211 History of Georgia as described by the French General Karlos https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/283 <p>The publication presents a hitherto unknown manuscript about Georgia,<br />which, as the title suggests, was written in French by a certain French general called Karlos. Later it was translated into Russian and then, in 1782, into Georgian.<br />The Georgian translation, which is the only surviving copy of the text,<br />is preserved in Repository S of the National Georgian Centre of Manuscripts<br />(Formerly the Collection of the Society for the Spreading of Literacy among<br />Georgians (identification number: S 2316)).</p> Tsira Khakhviashvili Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 212 221 The Epigraphic Corpus of Georgia https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/284 <p>The paper reviews the history of studying multilingual epigraphy in Georgia. Different research stages of Georgian epigraphy, including electronic editions prepared by the ISU Institute of Linguistic Studies, have been considered.</p> Nino Doborjginidze Tamara Kalkhitashvili Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 222 233 Mythical Mentality and Its Three Stages https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/285 <p>Primitive thinking, as well as primitive social organizations, has undergone<br />stadial development throughout its existence. I will focus on its three paradigmatic turns: from the most archaic stratum of human existence – from primordial integrity to the emergence of universal dichotomies and further, from the universal dichotomies to the emergence of dualism.</p> Khatuna Tavdgiridze Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 234 257 Le projet LaDyCa (Language Dynamics in the Caucasus, IDEX Emergence 2017-18): avancées et résultats https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/286 <p>Nous présenterons ici les grandes lignes et quelques avancées et résultats d’un projet international en linguistique théorique, descriptive et appliquée, réalisé en étroite collaboration avec l’Université d’Etat Ilia à Tbilissi, pour la période 2017-18. Dans la mesure où cette collaboration est appelée à se pérenniser, étant donné les enjeux d’un très grand intérêt bilatéral pour les échanges franco-géorgiens, mais aussi en raison de la contribution remarquablement efficace et productive de l’université géorgienne partenaire, nous avons accepté avec plaisir de synthétiser les objectifs et les résultats de cette initiative de recherche par un article qui réalise un compromis entre les exigences d’un rapport scientifique pour spécialistes (notamment linguistes et spécialistes de systèmes complexes ou de théorie de la complexité), et un compte-rendu des activités et des résultats lisible par un public plus ample.</p> Jean Léo Leonard Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 258 284 Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies (COMSt): An Introduction https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/287 <p>The handbook to be discussed is – according to the foreword – the most<br />important result of a research network program with the same title (COMSt), funded by the “European Science Foundation” (June 2009 to May 2014).<br />It is an introduction into the study and edition of Oriental manuscript cultures, i.e. those from the Near and Middle East as well as North Africa. It is not quite as handy with a size of 17.8 x 3.8 x 25.4 cm and 677 pages.</p> Michael Muthreich Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 288 293 Winfried Boeder − 80; Luigi Magarotto − 75; Donald Rayfield − 75; Izabela Kobalava − 85; Alice Harris − 70 https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/288 <p>The Editorial Board of Kadmos, the journal of the humanities of Ilia State University, have the pleasure to extend their best wishes to the renowned kartvelologists, Professor Winfried Boeder on the occasion of his eightieth birth anniversary, Professor Alice Harris on her seventieth, Professor Izabela Kobalava on her eighty-fifth and Professors Luigi Magarotto and Donald Rayfield on their seventy-fifth anniversary.</p> The Editorial Board Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 294 305 Winfried Boeder, Zur Analyse des altgeorgischen Alphabets https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/289 <p>დაახლოებით საუკუნეა, ცდილობენ ნათელი მოჰფინონ ქართული ანბანის წარმოშობის საკითხს.1 მეტწილად გაზიარებულია ქართული ანბანის ბერძნულიდან ან არამეულიდან (შესაბამისად, ირანულიდან) მომდინარეობა.</p> Winfried Boeder Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 306 322 Gérard Garrit − Expédition paléographique au Sinaï https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/290 <p>სინის მთის წმ. ეკატერინეს მონასტრის ბიბლიოთეკა ერთ-ერთი უმდიდრესი და ამავდროულად ერთ-ერთი ყველაზე ნაკლებ ხელმისაწვდომია აღმოსავლურ-ქრისტიანული ხელნაწერების ბიბლიოთეკათა შორის.</p> Tsisana Bibileishvili Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 323 326 Gérard Garrit, Les manuscrits géorgiens du Sinaï https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/291 სინის მთის ძველ, ცნობილ მონასტერს, რომელსაც ჯებელ მუსას – მოსეს მთის ძირას აღუმართავს მრავალსაუკუნოვანი კედლები, აქვს ბიბლიოთეკა, რომელიც ერთ-ერთი უმდიდრესი და ამავე დროს ყველაზე ძნელად ხელმისაწვდომია ბერძნული და ქრისტიანული აღმოსავლეთის ქვეყნების კოლექციებს შორის. Tsisana Bibileishvili Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 327 333 Donald Rayfield, Beria as Satrap https://kadmos.iliauni.edu.ge/index.php/kadmos/article/view/292 <p>თბილისში ბერიამ პირველი დავალება გასცა და კავკასიის ბოლშევიკური მოძრაობის ახალი ისტორიის დაწერა დაუკვეთა. თავად ბერიას თავიდან ბოლომდე წიგნების წაკითხვაც არ უნდოდა, არამც თუ დაწერა. ამიტომ შეარჩია უნივერსიტეტის რექტორი და მწერალთა კავშირის თავმჯდომარე მალაქია ტოროშელიძე და განათლების სახალხო კომისარი ედუარდ ბედია.</p> Bela Tsipuria Copyright (c) 2019 KADMOS 2019-06-03 2019-06-03 9 334 342